What Events Precipitated The Munich Agreement What Were The Results Of This Conference

No Czech representatives were invited to the conference. Chamberlain had asked the Czech ambassador in Berlin to come to Munich as an adviser, but he was not allowed to enter the same room as Hitler. On the night of September 28, a statement by the Czech government accepted the ceding of Czech territory, where 50% or more of the population was German, but protested against the demand for a referendum in areas without a German majority. The „guarantees” of Germany and Italy will only „guarantee” Czechoslovak neutrality if the demands of Hungary and Poland are met – that is, their guarantee will not be given, if at all, until the division of Czechoslovakia has progressed. It is to be feared that by that time any guarantee, whether German and Italian or French and British, would have lost all meaning to which it might have been made in the past. The Munich Accords (Czech: Mnichovská dohoda; Slovak: Mníchovská dohoda; German: Munich Agreement) or Munich Betrayal (Czech: Mnichovská zrada; Mníchovská zrada) was an agreement concluded in Munich on September 30, 1938 by Nazi Germany, the United Kingdom, the French Third Republic and the Kingdom of Italy. It provided for the „cession of the Sudeten German territory” from Czechoslovakia to Germany. [1] Most European countries celebrated the agreement because it prevented the war threatened by Adolf Hitler by allowing the annexation of the Sudetenland by Nazi Germany, a region in western Czechoslovakia inhabited by more than 3 million people, mostly German-speaking. Hitler proclaimed this was his last territorial claim in Europe, and the choice seemed to be between war and appeasement. I have the honour to acknowledge receipt of your note of 5 August 1942 and I take this opportunity to convey to Your Excellency on behalf of the Czecho-Slovak Government and myself, as well as on behalf of all the Czechoslovak people, who are currently suffering so terribly under the Nazi yoke: the expression of our warmest thanks. The areas chosen for the referendum are not quite the same as in Godesberg`s ultimatum. For example, the industrial city and the brno railway node are not included. But the Germans will be so close to this city that it will be at their mercy.

Moreover, it has a small German minority (about 12% of the total population) which will be its true administrators under pressure from Hitler. Any village or municipality with a German majority (and there are many scattered throughout Czechoslovakia and up to the Carpathians Rodentsia) in areas where the Czechs make up the vast majority can be turned into a German fortress by referendum, dominating the surrounding country as the castle of a medieval thief baron. .

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